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Uzbekistan

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 Uzbekistan
 
Country name: Uzbekistan
Conventional long form: Republic of Uzbekistan
Conventional short form: Uzbekistan
Local long form: Ozbekiston Respublikasi
Local short form: Ozbekiston
Former: Uzbek Soviet Socialist RepublicUzbekistan
Government type: republic; authoritarian presidential rule, with little power outside the executive branch
Capital: Tashkent (Toshkent)
Time difference: UTC+5 (10 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Independence: 1 September 1991 (from Soviet Union)
Area:
Total: 447,400 sq km
Land: 425,400 sq km
Water: 22,000 sq km
Climate: mostly midlatitude desert, long, hot summers, mild winters; semiarid grassland in east
Terrain: mostly flat-to-rolling sandy desert with dunes; broad, flat intensely irrigated river valleys along course of Amu Darya, Syr Darya (Sirdaryo), and Zarafshon; Fergana Valley in east surrounded by mountainous Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan; shrinking Aral Sea in west
Natural resources: natural gas, petroleum, coal, gold, uranium, silver, copper, lead and zinc, tungsten, molybdenum
Population: 27,780,059 (July 2007 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 32.4% (male 4,587,338/female 4,416,014)
15-64 years: 62.8% (male 8,636,226/female 8,817,633)
65 years and over: 4.8% (male 543,417/female 779,431) (2007 est.)
Median Age:
Total: 22.9 years
Male: 22.3 years
Female: 23.5 years (2007 est.)
Birth Rate: 26.46 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
                                                       
Death Rate: 7.73 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Religions: Muslim 88% (mostly Sunnis), Eastern Orthodox 9%, other 3%
Languages: Uzbek 74.3%, Russian 14.2%, Tajik 4.4%, other 7.1%
Literacy:
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 99.3%
Male: 99.6%
Female: 99% (2003 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity): $55.75 billion (2006 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $10.83 billion (2006 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $2,000 (2006 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Agriculture: 31.1%
Industry: 25.7%
Services: 43.2% (2006 est.)
Labor force: 14.44 million (2006 est.)
Labor force - by occupation:
Agriculture: 44%
Industry: 20%
Services: 36% (1995)
Unemployment rate: 3% officially by the Ministry of Labor, plus another 20% underemployed (2006)
Currency (code): Uzbekistani soum (UZS)

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