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Turkey

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 Turkey
 
Country name: Turkey
Conventional long form: Republic of Turkey
Conventional short form: Turkey
Local long form: Turkiye Cumhuriyeti
Local short form: Turkiye
Government type: republican parliamentary democracy Turkey
Capital: Ankara
Time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Independence: 29 October 1923 (successor state to the Ottoman Empire)
Area:
Total: 780,580 sq km
Land: 770,760 sq km
Water: 9,820 sq km
Climate: temperate; hot, dry summers with mild, wet winters; harsher in interior
Terrain: high central plateau (Anatolia); narrow coastal plain; several mountain ranges
Natural resources: coal, iron ore, copper, chromium, antimony, mercury, gold, barite, borate, celestite (strontium), emery, feldspar, limestone, magnesite, marble, perlite, pumice, pyrites (sulfur), clay, arable land, hydropower
Population: 71,158,647 (July 2007 est.)
Population Growth Rate: 1.04% (2007 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 24.9% (male 9,034,731/female 8,703,624)
15-64 years: 68.1% (male 24,627,270/female 23,857,507)
65 years and over: 6.9% (male 2,253,383/female 2,682,132) (2007 est.)
Median Age:
Total: 28.6 years
Male: 28.4 years
Female: 28.8 years (2007 est.)
Birth Rate: 16.4 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
                                                       
Death Rate: 16.4 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Religions: Muslim 99.8% (mostly Sunni), other 0.2% (mostly Christians and Jews)
Languages: Turkish (official), Kurdish, Dimli (or Zaza), Azeri, Kabardian
Note: there is also a substantial Gagauz population in the European part of Turkey
Literacy:
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 87.4%
Male: 95.3%
Female: 79.6% (2004 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity): $635.6 billion (2006 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $358.5 billion (2006 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $9,000 (2006 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Agriculture: 11.2%
Industry: 29.4%
Services: 59.4% (2006 est.)
Labor force: 24.8 million
Note: about 1.2 million Turks work abroad (2006 est.)
Labor force - by occupation:
Agriculture: 35.9%
Industry: 22.8%
Services: 41.2% (3rd quarter, 2004)
Unemployment rate: 10.2% plus underemployment of 4% (2006 est.)
Currency (code): Turkish lira (TRY); old Turkish lira (TRL) before 1 January 2005
 
 

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