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Country name: Sudan
Conventional long form: Republic of the Sudan
Conventional short form: Sudan
Local long form: Jumhuriyat as-Sudan Sudan
Local short form: As-Sudan
Former: Anglo-Egyptian Sudan
Government type: Government of National Unity (GNU) - the National Congress Party (NCP) and Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) formed a power-sharing government under the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA); the NCP, which came to power by military coup in 1989, is the majority partner; the agreement stipulates national elections for the 2008 - 2009 timeframe.

Capital: Khartoum
Time difference: UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Independence: 1 January 1956 (from Egypt and UK)
Total: 2,505,810 sq km
Land: 2.376 million sq km
Water: 129,810 sq km
Climate: tropical in south; arid desert in north; rainy season varies by region (April to November)
Terrain: generally flat, featureless plain; mountains in far south, northeast and west; desert dominates the north
Natural resources: petroleum; small reserves of iron ore, copper, chromium ore, zinc, tungsten, mica, silver, gold, hydropower
Population: 39,379,358 (July 2007 est.)
Population Growth Rate: 2.082% (2007 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 41.6% (male 8,371,628/female 8,016,880)
15-64 years: 56% (male 11,080,025/female 10,956,458)
65 years and over: 2.4% (male 504,957/female 449,410) (2007 est.)
Median Age:
Total: 18.7 years
Male: 18.6 years
Female: 18.9 years (2007 est.)
Birth Rate: 34.86 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Death Rate: 14.39 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Religions: Sunni Muslim 70% (in north), Christian 5% (mostly in south and Khartoum), indigenous beliefs 25%
Languages: Arabic (official), Nubian, Ta Bedawie, diverse dialects of Nilotic, Nilo-Hamitic, Sudanic languages, English
Note: program of "Arabization" in process
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 61.1%
Male: 71.8%
Female: 50.5% (2003 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity): $97.47 billion (2006 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $25.5 billion (2006 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $2,400 (2006 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Agriculture: 35.5%
Industry: 24.8%
Services: 39.7% (2006 est.)
Labor force: 7.415 million (1996 est.)
Labor force - by occupation:
Agriculture: 80%
Industry: 7%
Services: 13% (1998 est.)
Unemployment rate: 18.7% (2002 est.)
Currency (code): Sudanese Dinar (SDD)

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