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Country name: Somalia
Conventional long form: none
Conventional short form: Somalia
Local long form: Jamhuuriyada Demuqraadiga Soomaaliyeed
Local short form: Soomaaliya
Former: Somali Republic; Somali Democratic RepublicSomalia
Government type: no permanent national government; transitional, parliamentary federal government
Capital: Mogadishu
Time difference: UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Independence: 1 July 1960 (from a merger of British Somaliland, which became independent from the UK on 26 June 1960, and Italian Somaliland, which became independent from the Italian-administered UN trusteeship on 1 July 1960, to form the Somali Republic)
Total: 637,657 sq km
Land: 627,337 sq km
Water: 10,320 sq km
Climate: principally desert; northeast monsoon (December to February), moderate temperatures in north and hot in south; southwest monsoon (May to October), torrid in the north and hot in the south, irregular rainfall, hot and humid periods (tangambili) between monsoons
Terrain: mostly flat to undulating plateau rising to hills in north
Natural resources: uranium and largely unexploited reserves of iron ore, tin, gypsum, bauxite, copper, salt, natural gas, likely oil reserves
Population: 9,118,773
Note: this estimate was derived from an official census taken in 1975 by the Somali Government; population counting in Somalia is complicated by the large number of nomads and by refugee movements in response to famine and clan warfare (July 2007 est.)
Population Growth Rate: 2.832% (2007 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 44.4% (male 2,031,682/female 2,019,629)
15-64 years: 53% (male 2,423,602/female 2,410,126)
65 years and over: 2.6% (male 97,932/female 135,802) (2007 est.)
Median Age:
Total: 17.6 years
Male: 17.5 years
Female: 17.7 years (2007 est.)
Birth Rate: 44.6 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Death Rate: 16.28 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Religions: Sunni Muslim
Languages: Somali (official), Arabic, Italian, English
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 37.8%
Male: 49.7%
Female: 25.8% (2001 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity): $5.259 billion (2006 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $2.483 billion (2006 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $600 (2006 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Agriculture: 65%
Industry: 10%
Services: 25% (2000 est.)
Labor force: 3.7 million (few skilled laborers) (1975 est.)
Labor force - by occupation:
Agriculture: 71%
Industry and services: 29% (1975)
Unemployment rate: NA%
Currency (code): Somali shilling (SOS)

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