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Pakistan

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Pakistan
 
  
Country name: Pakistan
Conventional long form: Islamic Republic of Pakistan
conventional short form: Pakistan
local long form: Jamhuryat Islami Pakistan
local short form: Pakistan Pakistan
former: West Pakistan
Government type: federal republic
Capital: Islamabad
Time difference: UTC+5 (10 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
           
Independence: 14 August 1947 (from UK)
Area:
Total: 803,940 sq km
land: 778,720 sq km
water: 25,220 sq km
Climate: mostly hot, dry desert; temperate in northwest; arctic in north
Terrain: flat Indus plain in east; mountains in north and northwest; Balochistan plateau in west
Natural resources: land, extensive natural gas reserves, limited petroleum, poor quality coal, iron ore, copper, salt, limestone
Population: 164,741,924 (July 2007 est.)

Population Growth Rate: 1.828% (2007 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 36.9% (male 31,264,576/female 29,507,174)
15-64 years: 58.8% (male 49,592,033/female 47,327,161)
65 years and over: 4.3% (male 3,342,650/female 3,708,330) (2007 est.)
Median Age:
Total: 20.9 years
male: 20.7 years
female: 21 years (2007 est.)
Birth Rate: 27.52 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Death Rate: 8 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
                                        
Religions: Muslim 97% (Sunni 77%, Shi'a 20%), other (includes Christian and Hindu) 3%
Languages: Punjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Siraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10%, Pashtu 8%, Urdu (official) 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, English (official; lingua franca of Pakistani elite and most government ministries), Burushaski and other 8%
Literacy:
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 49.9%
male: 63%
female: 36% (2005 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity):  $437.5 billion (2006 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $124 billion (2006 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $2,600 (2006 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: agriculture: 22%
industry: 26%
services: 52% (2006 est.)
Labor force: 48.29 million
note: extensive export of labor, mostly to the Middle East, and use of child labor (2006 est.)
Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture: 42%
industry: 20%
services: 38% (2004 est.)
Unemployment rate: 6.5% plus substantial underemployment (2006 est.)
Currency (code):  Pakistani rupee (PKR)

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