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Oman

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 Oman
 
Country name: Oman
Conventional long form: Sultanate of Oman
conventional short form: Oman
local long form: Saltanat Uman
local short form: Uman
former: Muscat and Oman
Government type: monarchy Oman
Capital: Muscat
Time difference: UTC+4 (9 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
           
Independence: 1650 (expulsion of the Portuguese)
Area:
Total: 212,460 sq km
land: 212,460 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Climate: dry desert; hot, humid along coast; hot, dry interior; strong southwest summer monsoon (May to September) in far south Terrain: central desert plain, rugged mountains in north and south
Natural resources: petroleum, copper, asbestos, some marble, limestone, chromium, gypsum, natural gas
Population: 3,204,897
note: includes 577,293 non-nationals (July 2007 est.)
Population Growth Rate: 3.234% (2007 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 42.7% (male 698,461/female 670,793)
15-64 years: 54.6% (male 1,026,686/female 723,712)
65 years and over: 2.7% (male 47,534/female 37,711) (2007 est.)
Median Age:
Total: 18.9 years
male: 21.5 years
female: 16.5 years (2007 est.)
Birth Rate: 35.76 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Death Rate: 3.78 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Religions: Ibadhi Muslim 75%, other (includes Sunni Muslim, Shi'a Muslim, Hindu) 25%
Languages: Arabic (official), English, Baluchi, Urdu, Indian dialects
Literacy:
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 81.4%
male: 86.8%
female: 73.5% (2003 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity):  $44.53 billion (2006 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $27.25 billion (2006 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $14,400 (2006 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: agriculture: 2.6%
industry: 38.8%
services: 58.7% (2006 est.)
Labor force: 920,000 (2002 est.)
Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
Unemployment rate: 15% (2004 est.)
Currency (code):  Omani rial (OMR)

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