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Malta

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Country name: MaltaMalta
Conventional long form: Republic of Malta
Conventional short form: Malta
Local long form: Repubblika ta' Malta
Local short form: Malta
Government type: republic
Capital: Valletta
time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Independence: 21 September 1964 (from UK)
Area:
Total: 316 sq km
Land: 316 sq km
Water: 0 sq km
Climate: Mediterranean; mild, rainy winters; hot, dry summers 
Terrain: mostly low, rocky, flat to dissected plains; many coastal cliffs
           
Natural resources: limestone, salt, arable land
                                                          
Population: 401,880 (July 2007 est.)
Population Growth Rate: 0.413% (2007 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 16.7% (male 34,559/female 32,707)
15-64 years: 69.5% (male 141,265/female 137,951)
65 years and over: 13.8% (male 23,802/female 31,596) (2007 est.)     
Median Age:
Total: 39 years
Male: 37.6 years
Female: 40.4 years (2007 est.)
Birth Rate: 10.28 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Death Rate:  8.19 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Religions: Roman Catholic 98%
Languages: Maltese (official), English (official)
Literacy:
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 92.8%
Male: 92%
Female: 93.6% (2003 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity): $8.411 billion (2006 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $5.447 billion (2006 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $21,000 (2006 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Agriculture: 3%
Industry: 23%
Services: 74% (2003 est.)
Labor force: 164,000 (2006 est.)
Labor force - by occupation:
Agriculture: 3%
Industry: 22%
Services: 75% (2005 est.)
Unemployment rate: 6.8% (2005 est.)
Currency (code): Maltese lira (MTL)

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