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Libya

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Country name: Libya
Conventional long form: Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Libya
Conventional short form: Libya
Local long form: Al Jumahiriyah al Arabiyah al Libiyah ash Shabiyah al Ishtirakiyah al Uzma
Local short form: none
Government type: Jamahiriya (a state of the masses) in theory, governed by the populace through local councils; in practice, an authoritarian state
Capital: Tripoli
time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Independence: 24 December 1951 (from UN trusteeship)
Area:
Total: 1,759,540 sq km Libya
Land: 1,759,540 sq km
Water: 0 sq km
Climate: Mediterranean along coast; dry, extreme desert interior
Terrain: mostly barren, flat to undulating plains, plateaus, depressions
Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, gypsum
                                                          
Population: 6,036,914
note: includes 166,510 non-nationals (July 2007 est.)
Population Growth Rate: 2.262% (2007 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 33.4% (male 1,029,096/female 985,606)
15-64 years: 62.4% (male 1,940,287/female 1,827,429)
65 years and over: 4.2% (male 124,892/female 129,604) (2007 est.)   
Median Age:
Total: 23.3 years
Male: 23.4 years
Female: 23.2 years (2007 est.)
Birth Rate: 26.09 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Death Rate:  3.47 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Religions: Sunni Muslim 97%, other 3%
Languages: Arabic, Italian, English, all are widely understood in the major cities 
Literacy:
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 82.6%
Male: 92.4%
Female: 72% (2003 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity): $72.68 billion (2006 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $34.2 billion (2006 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $12,300 (2006 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Agriculture: 7.3%
Industry: 51.3%
Services: 41.4% (2006 est.)
Labor force 1.787 million (2006 est.) 1.787 million (2006 est.)
Labor force - by occupation:
Agriculture: 17%
Industry: 23%
Services: 59% (2004 est.)
Unemployment rate: 30% (2004 est.)
Currency (code): Libyan dinar (LYD)

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