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Country name: Kuwait
Conventional long form: State of Kuwait
Conventional short form: Kuwait
Local long form: Dawlat al Kuwayt
Local short form: Al Kuwayt
Government type: constitutional emirate
Capital: KuwaitKuwait
time difference: UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Independence: 19 June 1961 (from UK)
Total: 17,820 sq km
Land: 17,820 sq km  
Water: 0 sq km
Climate: dry desert; intensely hot summers; short, cool winters
Terrain: flat to slightly undulating desert plain
Natural resources: petroleum, fish, shrimp, natural gas
Population: 2,505,559
note: includes 1,291,354 non-nationals (July 2007 est.)
Population Growth Rate: 3.561%
note: this rate reflects a return to pre-Gulf crisis immigration of expatriates (2007 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 26.7% (male 340,814/female 328,663)
15-64 years:  70.5% (male 1,128,231/female 636,967)           
65 years and over: 2.8% (male 44,542/female 26,342) (2007 est.)
Median Age:
Total: 26 years
Male:  27.9 years
Female: 22.4 (2007 est.)
Birth Rate: 21.95 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Death Rate:  2.39 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Religions: Muslim 85% (Sunni 70%, Shi'a 30%), other (includes Christian, Hindu, Parsi) 15%
Languages: Arabic (official), English widely spoken
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 93.3%
Male:  94.4%
Female: 91% (2005 census)
GDP (purchasing power parity): $55.91 billion (2006 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $60.72 billion (2006 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $23,100 (2006 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Agriculture: 0.4%
Industry: 48.3%
Services: 51.3% (2006 est.)
Labor force: 1.136 million
note: non-Kuwaitis represent about 80% of the labor force (2006 est.)
Labor force - by occupation:
Agriculture: NA%
Industry: NA%
Services: NA%
Unemployment rate: 2.2% (2004 est.)
Currency (code): Kuwaiti dinar (KD)

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