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Jordan

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Country name: JordanJordan
Conventional long form: Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
Conventional short form: Jordan
Local long form: Al Mamlakah al Urduniyah al Hashimiyah
Local short form: Al Urdun
Former: Transjordan
Government type: Constitutional monarchy Jordan
Capital: Amman
time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Independence: 25 May 1946 (from League of Nations mandate under British administration)
Area:
Total: 92,300 sq km
Land: 91,971 sq km
Water: 329 sq km
Climate: mostly arid desert; rainy season in west (November to April)
Terrain: mostly desert plateau in east, highland area in west; Great Rift Valley separates East and West Banks of the Jordan River
Natural resources: phosphates, potash, shale oil
Population: 6,053,193 (July 2007 est.)
Population Growth Rate: 2.412% (2007 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 33% (male 1,018,934/female 977,645)
15-64 years:  63% (male 2,037,550/female 1,777,361)           
65 years and over: 4% (male 117,279/female 124,424) (2007 est.)
Median Age:
Total: 23.5 years
Male:  24.1 years
Female: 22.8 years (2007 est.)
Birth Rate: 20.69 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Death Rate: 2.68 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Religions: Sunni Muslim 92%, Christian 6% (majority Greek Orthodox, but some Greek and Roman Catholics, Syrian Orthodox, Coptic Orthodox, Armenian Orthodox, and Protestant denominations), other 2% (several small Shi'a Muslim and Druze populations) (2001 est.)
Languages: Arabic (official), English widely understood among upper and middle classes
Literacy:
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 89.9%
Male:  95.1%
Female: 84.7% (2003 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity): $30 billion (2006 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $12.52 billion (2006 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $5,100 (2006 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Agriculture: 3.6%
Industry: 30.5%
Services: 65.9% (2006 est.)
Labor force: 1.512 million (2006 est.)
Labor force - by occupation:
Agriculture: 5%
Industry: 12.5%
Services: 82.5% (2001 est.)
Unemployment rate: 15.4% official rate; unofficial rate is approximately 30% (2006 est.)
Currency (code): Jordanian dinar (JOD)

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