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Iraq

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 Iraq
Country name:
Conventional long form: Republic of Iraq
Conventional short form: Iraq
Local long form: Al Jumhuriyah al Iraqiyah
Local short form: Al Iraq
Government type: parliamentary democracy
Capital: BaghdadIraq
time difference: UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Independence:  3 October 1932 (from League of Nations mandate under British administration); note - on 28 June 2004 the Coalition Provisional Authority transferred sovereignty to the Iraqi Interim Government
Area:
Total: 437,072 sq km
Land: 432,162 sq km
Water: 4,910 sq km
Climate: mostly desert; mild to cool winters with dry, hot, cloudless summers; northern mountainous regions along Iranian and Turkish borders experience cold winters with occasionally heavy snows that melt in early spring, sometimes causing extensive flooding in central and southern Iraq
Terrain: mostly broad plains; reedy marshes along Iranian border in south with large flooded areas; mountains along borders with Iran and Turkey
Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, phosphates, sulfur
Population: 27,499,638 (July 2007 est.)
Population Growth Rate: 2.618% (2007 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 39.4% (male 5,509,736/female 5,338,722)
5-64 years:  57.6% (male 8,018,841/female 7,812,611)
65 years and over: 3% (male 386,321/female 433,407) (2007 est.)
Median Age:
Total: 20 years
Male: 19.9 years
Female: 20 years (2007 est.)
Birth Rate: 31.44 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Death Rate: 5.26 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Religions: Muslim 97% (Shi'a 60%-65%, Sunni 32%-37%), Christian or other 3%
Languages: Arabic, Kurdish (official in Kurdish regions), Assyrian, Armenian
Literacy:
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 74.1%
Male: 84.1%
Female: 64.2%
GDP (purchasing power parity): $87.9 billion (2006 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $40.66 billion (2006 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $2,900 (2006 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Agriculture: 7.3%
Industry: 66.6%
Services: 26.1% (2004 est.)
Labor force: 7.4 million (2004 est.)
Labor force - by occupation:
Agriculture: NA
Industry: NA
Services: NA
Unemployment rate: 25% to 30% (2005 est.)
Currency (code): New Iraqi dinar (NID) as of 22 January 2004)

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