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India

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 India
Country name:
      Conventional long form: Republic of India
      Conventional short form: India
Local long form: Republic of India/Bharatiya Ganarajya
Local short form: India/Bharat
Government type: federal republic
Capital: New Delhi
time difference: UTC+5.5 (10.5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Independence:  15 August 1947 (from UK)India
Area:
Total: 3,287,590 sq km
Land: 2,973,190 sq km
Water: 314,400 sq km
Climate: varies from tropical monsoon in south to temperate in north
Terrain: upland plain (Deccan Plateau) in south, flat to rolling plain along the Ganges, deserts in west, Himalayas in north
Natural resources: coal (fourth-largest reserves in the world), iron ore, manganese, mica, bauxite, titanium ore, chromite, natural gas, diamonds, petroleum, limestone, arable land
Population: 1,129,866,154 (July 2007 est.)
Population Growth Rate: 1.606% (2007 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 31.8% (male 188,208,196/female 171,356,024)
15-64 years:  63.1% (male 366,977,821/female 346,034,565)
65 years and over: 5.1% (male 27,258,259/female 30,031,289) (2007 est.)
Median Age:
Total: 24.8 years
Male: 24.5 years
Female: 25.2 years (2007 est.)
Birth Rate: 22.69 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Death Rate: 6.58 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Religions: Hindu 80.5%, Muslim 13.4%, Christian 2.3%, Sikh 1.9%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.1% (2001 census)
Languages: English enjoys associate status but is the most important language for national, political, and commercial communication; Hindi is the national language and primary tongue of 30% of the people; there are 14 other official languages: Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Malayalam, Kannada, Oriya, Punjabi, Assamese, Kashmiri, Sindhi, and Sanskrit; Hindustani is a popular variant of Hindi/Urdu spoken widely throughout northern India but is not an official language
Literacy:
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 61%
Male: 73.4%
Female: 47.8% (2001 census)
GDP (purchasing power parity): $4.042 trillion (2006 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $796.1 billion (2006 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $3,700 (2006 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Agriculture: 19.9%
Industry: 19.3%
Services: 60.7% (2005 est.)
Labor force: 509.3 million (2006 est.)
Labor force - by occupation:
Agriculture: 60%
Industry: 12%
Services: 28% (2003)
Unemployment rate: 7.8% (2006 est.)
Currency (code): Indian rupee (INR)

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