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Egypt


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Egypt
 
Country name: Egypt
Conventional long form: Arab Republic of Egypt
Conventional short form: Egypt
Local long form: Jumhuriyat Misr al-Arabiyah
Local short form: Misr
Former: United Arab Republic (with Syria)
Government type: Republic

Capital: Cairo
Time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Friday in April; ends last Thursday in SeptemberEgypt
Independence: 28 February 1922 (from UK)
Area:
Total: 1,001,450 sq km
Land: 995,450 sq km
Water: 6,000 sq km
Climate: Desert; hot, dry summers with moderate winters
Terrain: Vast desert plateau interrupted by Nile valley and delta
Natural resources: Petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, manganese, limestone, gypsum, talc, asbestos, lead, zinc
Population: 80,335,036 (July 2007 est.)
Population Growth Rate: 1.721% (2007 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 32.2% (male 13,234,428/female 12,631,681)
15-64 years:  63.2% (male 25,688,703/female 25,082,200)
65 years and over: 4.6% (male 1,576,376/female 2,121,648) (2007 est.)
Median Age:
Total: 24.2 years
Male: 23.9 years
Female: 24.6 years (2007 est.)
Birth Rate: 22.53 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Death Rate: 5.11 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Religions: Muslim (mostly Sunni) 90%, Coptic 9%, other Christian 1%
Languages: Arabic (official), English and French widely understood by educated classes
Literacy:
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 57.7%
Male: 68.3%
Female: 46.9% (2003 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity): $328.1 billion (2006 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $84.51 billion (2006 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $4,200 (2006 est.)
Labor force: 21.8 million (2006 est.)
Labor force - by occupation:
Agriculture: 32%
Industry: 17%
Services: 51% (2001 est.)
Unemployment rate: 10.3% (2006 est.)
Currency (code): Egyptian pound (EGP)

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