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Bhutan

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 Bhutan
Country name: Bhutan
Conventional long form: Kingdom of Bhutan
Conventional short form: Bhutan
Local long form: Druk Gyalkhap
Local short form: Druk Yul
Government type:
Absolute monarchy; special treaty relationship with India; note - transition to a constitutional monarchy is
expected in 2008
Capital:
Thimphu
Time difference: UTC+6 (11 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Independence:Buhtan.gif
8 August 1949 (from India)
Area:
Total: 47,000 sq km
Land: 47,000 sq km
Water: 0 sq km
Climate:
Varies; tropical in southern plains; cool winters and hot summers in central valleys; severe winters and cool
summers in Himalayas
Terrain:
Mostly mountainous with some fertile valleys and savanna
Natural resources:
Timber, hydropower, gypsum, calcium carbonate
Population:
2,327,849
Note: other estimates range as low as 810,000 (July 2007 est.)
Population Growth Rate:
2.082% (2007 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 38.6% (male 465,340/female 433,184)
15-64 years:  57.4% (male 688,428/female 647,134)
65 years and over: 4% (male 47,123/female 46,640) (2007 est.)
Median Age:
Total: 20.5 years
Male: 20.4 years
Female: 20.7 years (2007 est.)
Birth Rate:
33.28 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Death Rate:
12.46 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Religions:
Lamaistic Buddhist 75%, Indian- and Nepalese-influenced Hinduism 25%
Languages:
Dzongkha (official), Bhotes speak various Tibetan dialects, Nepalese speak various Nepalese dialects
Literacy:
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 47%
Male:  60%
Female: 34% (2003 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity): $2.9 billion (2003 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $840.5 million (2005 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $1,400 (2003 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Agriculture: 24.7%
Industry: 37.2%
Services: 38.1% (2005)
Labor force: NA
note: major shortage of skilled labor
Labor force - by occupation:
Agriculture: 63 %
Industry: 6%
Services:31% (2004 est.)
Unemployment rate: 2.5% (2004 est.)
Currency (code): ngultrum (BTN); Indian rupee (INR)

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