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[Back to Map] Bangladesh

Country name: Bangladesh
Conventional long form: People's Republic of Bangladesh
Conventional short form: Bangladesh
Local long form: Gana Prajatantri Banladesh
Local short form: Banladesh
Former:  East Bengal, East Pakistan
Government type:
Parliamentary democracy
Time difference: UTC+6 (11 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

16 December 1971 (from West Pakistan); note - 26 March 1971 is the date of independence from West Pakistan, 16 December 1971 is known as Victory Day and
commemorates the official creation of the state of Bangladesh.
Total: 144,000 sq km
Land: 133,910 sq km
Water: 10,090 sq km
Tropical; mild winter (October to March); hot, humid summer (March to June); humid, warm rainy monsoon (June to October)
Mostly flat alluvial plain; hilly in southeast
Natural resources:
Natural gas, arable land, timber, coal
150,448,339 (July 2007 est.)
Population Growth Rate:
2.056% (2007 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 33.1% (male 25,639,640/female 24,174,937)
15-64 years:  63.4% (male 48,659,087/female 46,712,687)
65 years and over: 3.5% (male 2,818,638/female 2,443,350) (2007 est.)
Median Age:
Total: 22.5 years
Male: 22.5 years
Female: 22.5 years (2007 est.)
Birth Rate:
29.36 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Death Rate:
8.13 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Muslim 83%, Hindu 16%, other 1% (1998)
Bangla (official, also known as Bengali), English
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 43.1%
Male:  53.9%
Female: 31.8% (2003 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity): $330.8 billion (2006 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $69.02 billion (2006 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $2,200 (2006 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Agriculture: 19.9%
Industry: 20.6%
Services: 59.5% (2006 est.)
Labor force: 68 million
Note: extensive export of labor to Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, UAE, Oman, Qatar, and Malaysia; workers' remittances estimated at $4.8 billion in 2005-06.
(2006 est.)
Labor force - by occupation:
Agriculture: 63%
Industry: 11%
Services: 26% (FY95/96)
Unemployment rate:
2.5% (includes underemployment) (2006 est.)
Currency (code): taka (BDT)

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