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Bahrain

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 Bahrain

Country name: Bahrain                       
Conventional long form: Kingdom of Bahrain
Conventional short form: Bahrain
Local long form: Mamlakat al Bahrayn
Local short form: Al Bahrayn
Former: Dilmun
                                  
Government type:
Constitutional hereditary monarchy
Capital:
Manama
Time difference: UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Independence:Bahrain.gif
15 August 1971 (from UK)
Area:
Total: 665 sq km
Land: 665 sq km
Water: 0 sq km
Climate:
Arid; mild, pleasant winters; very hot, humid summers
Terrain:
Mostly low desert plain rising gently to low central escarpment
Natural resources:
Oil, associated and non-associated natural gas, fish, pearls
Population:
698,585
Note: includes 235,108 non-nationals (July 2006 est.)
Population Growth Rate:
1.45% (2006 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 27.4% (male 96,567/female 94,650)
15-64 years:  69.1% (male 280,272/female 202,451)
65 years and over: 3.5% (male 12,753/female 11,892) (2006 est.)
Median Age:
Total: 29.4 years
Male: 32.4 years
Female: 25.8 years (2006 est.)
Birth Rate: 17.8 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Death Rate: 4.14 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Religions: Muslim (Shi'a and Sunni) 81.2%, Christian 9%, other 9.8% (2001 census)
Languages: Arabic, English, Farsi, Urdu
Literacy:
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 89.1%
Male: 91.9%
Female: 85% (2003 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity): $17.7 billion (2006 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $12.12 billion (2006 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $25,300 (2006 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Agriculture: 0.5%
Industry: 38.7%
Services: 60.8% (2005 est.)
Labor force: 352,000
Note: 44% of the population in the 15-64 age group is non-national (2006 est.)
Labor force - by occupation:
Agriculture: 1%
Industry: 79%
Services:20% (1997 est.)
Unemployment rate: 15% (2005 est.)
Currency (code): Bahraini dinar (BHD)

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