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Yemen

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Yemen
 
 
Country name: Yemen
Conventional long form: Republic of Yemen
Conventional short form: Yemen
Local long form: Al Jumhuriyah al Yamaniyah Yemen
Local short form: Al Yaman
Former: Yemen Arab Republic [Yemen (Sanaa) or North Yemen] and People's Democratic Republic of Yemen [Yemen (Aden) or South Yemen]
Government type: republic
Capital: Sanaa
Time difference: UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Independence: 22 May 1990 (Republic of Yemen established with the merger of the Yemen Arab Republic [Yemen (Sanaa) or North Yemen] and the Marxist-dominated People's Democratic Republic of Yemen [Yemen (Aden) or South Yemen]); note - previously North Yemen had become independent in November 1918 (from the Ottoman Empire) and South Yemen became independent on 30 November 1967 (from the UK)
 
Area:
Total: 527,970 sq km
Land: 527,970 sq km
Water: 0 sq km
Note: includes Perim, Socotra, the former Yemen Arab Republic (YAR or North Yemen), and the former People's Democratic Republic of Yemen (PDRY or South Yemen)
Climate: mostly desert; hot and humid along west coast; temperate in western mountains affected by seasonal monsoon; extraordinarily hot, dry, harsh desert in east
Terrain: narrow coastal plain backed by flat-topped hills and rugged mountains; dissected upland desert plains in center slope into the desert interior of the Arabian Peninsula
Natural resources: petroleum, fish, rock salt, marble; small deposits of coal, gold, lead, nickel, and copper; fertile soil in west
Population: 22,230,531 (July 2007 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 46.3% (male 5,239,003/female 5,047,301)
15-64 years: 51.1% (male 5,781,491/female 5,585,152)
65 years and over: 2.6% (male 281,121/female 296,463) (2007 est.)
Median Age:
Total: 16.7 years
Male: 16.6 years
Female: 16.7 years (2007 est.)
Birth Rate: 42.67 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
                                                       
Death Rate: 8.05 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Religions: Muslim including Shaf'i (Sunni) and Zaydi (Shi'a), small numbers of Jewish, Christian, and Hindu
Languages: Arabic
Literacy:
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 50.2%
Male: 70.5%
Female: 30% (2003 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity): $20.63 billion (2006 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $15.07 billion (2006 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $1,000 (2006 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Agriculture: 12.5%
Industry: 43.8%
Services: 43.7% (2006 est.)
Labor force: 5.759 million (2006 est.)
Labor force - by occupation:
Note: most people are employed in agriculture and herding; services, construction, industry, and commerce account for less than one-fourth of the labor force
Unemployment rate: 35% (2003 est.)
Currency (code): Yemeni rial (YER)

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