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United Arab Emirates

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United Arab Emirates
 
 
Country name: United Arab Emirates
Conventional long form: United Arab Emirates
Conventional short form: none
Local long form: Al Imarat al Arabiyah al Muttahidah
Local short form: none
Former: Trucial Oman, Trucial States United Arab Emirates
Abbreviation: UAE
Government type: federation with specified powers delegated to the UAE federal government and other powers reserved to member emirates
Capital: Abu Dhabi
Time difference: UTC+4 (9 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Independence: 2 December 1971 (from UK)
Area:
Total: 83,600 sq km
Land: 83,600 sq km
Water: 0 sq km
Climate: desert; cooler in eastern mountains
Terrain: flat, barren coastal plain merging into rolling sand dunes of vast desert wasteland; mountains in east
Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas
Population: 4,444,011
Note: estimate is based on the results of the 2005 census that included a significantly higher estimate of net inmigration of non-citizens than previous estimates (July 2007 est.)
Population Growth Rate: 1.617% (2007 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 20.6% (male 467,931/female 447,045)
15-64 years: 78.5% (male 2,558,029/female 932,617)
65 years and over: 0.9% (male 24,914/female 13,475)
Note: 73.9% of the population in the 15-64 age group is non-national (2007 est.)
Median Age:
Total: 30.1 years
Male: 32 years
Female: 24.5 years (2007 est.)
Birth Rate: 16.09 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
                                                       
Death Rate: 2.16 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Religions: Muslim 96% (Shi'a 16%), other (includes Christian, Hindu) 4%
Languages: Arabic (official), Persian, English, Hindi, Urdu
Literacy:
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 77.9%
Male: 76.1%
Female: 81.7% (2003 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity): $129.5 billion (2006 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $164 billion (2006 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $49,700 (2006 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Agriculture: 2.3%
Industry: 61.9%
Services: 35.8% (2006 est.)
Labor force: 2.968 million (2006 est.)
Labor force - by occupation:
Agriculture: 7%
Industry: 15%
Services: 78% (2000 est.)
Unemployment rate: 2.4% (2001)
Currency (code): Emirati dirham (AED)

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