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Tunisia

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Tunisia
 
 
Country name: Tunisia
Conventional long form: Tunisian Republic
Conventional short form: Tunisia
Local long form: Al Jumhuriyah at Tunisiyah
Local short form: Tunis
Government type: republic
Capital: TunisTunisia
Time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Independence: 20 March 1956 (from France)
Area:
Total: 163,610 sq km
Land: 155,360 sq km
Water: 8,250 sq km
Climate: temperate in north with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers; desert in south
Terrain: mountains in north; hot, dry central plain; semiarid south merges into the Sahara
Natural resources: petroleum, phosphates, iron ore, lead, zinc, salt
Population: 10,276,158 (July 2007 est.)
Population Growth Rate: 1.895% (2007 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 24% (male 1,270,208/female 1,191,619)
15-64 years: 69.2% (male 3,571,228/female 3,538,458)
65 years and over: 6.9% (male 333,801/female 370,844) (2007 est.)
Median Age:
Total: 28.3 years
Male: 27.7 years
Female: 28.8 years (2007 est.)
Birth Rate: 15.54 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
                                                       
Death Rate: 5.17 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Religions: Muslim 98%, Christian 1%, Jewish and other 1%
Languages: Arabic (official and one of the languages of commerce), French (commerce)
Literacy:
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 74.3%
Male: 83.4%
Female: 65.3% (2004 census)
GDP (purchasing power parity): $89.74 billion (2006 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $33.29 billion (2006 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $8,800 (2006 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Agriculture: 12.8%
Industry: 31%
Services: 56.2% (2006 est.)
Labor force: 3.502 million
Note: shortage of skilled labor (2006 est.)
Labor force - by occupation:
Agriculture: 55%
Industry: 23%
Services: 22% (1995 est.)
Unemployment rate: 13.9% (2006 est.)
Currency (code): Tunisian dinar (TND)

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