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Tajikistan

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 Tajikistan
 
Country name: Tajikistan
Conventional long form: Republic of Tajikistan
Conventional short form: Tajikistan
Local long form: Jumhurii Tojikiston
Local short form: Tojikiston Tajikistan
Former: Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic
Government type: republic
Capital: Dushanbe
Time difference: UTC+5 (10 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Independence: 9 September 1991 (from Soviet Union)
Area:
Total: 143,100 sq km
Land: 142,700 sq km
Water: 400 sq km
Climate: midlatitude continental, hot summers, mild winters; semiarid to polar in Pamir Mountains
Terrain: Pamir and Alay Mountains dominate landscape; western Fergana Valley in north, Kofarnihon and Vakhsh Valleys in southwest
Natural resources: hydropower, some petroleum, uranium, mercury, brown coal, lead, zinc, antimony, tungsten, silver, gold
Population: 7,076,598 (July 2007 est.)
Population Growth Rate: 1.895% (2007 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 35% (male 1,261,247/female 1,218,686)
15-64 years: 61.2% (male 2,145,300/female 2,184,519)
65 years and over: 3.8% (male 113,186/female 153,660) (2007 est.)
Median Age:
Total: 21.3 years
Male: 20.8 years
Female: 21.8 years (2007 est.)
Birth Rate: 27.33 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
                                                       
Death Rate: 7.05 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Religions: Sunni Muslim 85%, Shi'a Muslim 5%, other 10% (2003 est.)
Languages: Tajik (official), Russian widely used in government and business
Literacy:
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 99.5%
Male: 99.7%
Female: 99.2% (2000 census)
GDP (purchasing power parity): $9.521 billion (2006 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $2.066 billion (2006 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $1,300 (2006 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Agriculture: 22.7%
Industry: 28.5%
Services: 48.8% (2006 est.)
Labor force: 3.7 million (2003)
Labor force - by occupation:
Agriculture: 67.2%
Industry: 7.5%
Services: 25.3% (2000 est.)
Unemployment rate: 12% (2004 est.)
Currency (code): Somoni (TJS)

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