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Sri Lanka

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Sri Lanka
 
  
Country name: Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
Conventional short form: Sri Lanka
Local long form: Shri Lamka Prajatantrika Samajaya di Janarajaya/Ilankai Jananayaka Choshalichak Kutiyarachu
Local short form: Shri Lamka/Ilankai
Former: Serendib, Ceylon
Government type: republic Sri Lanka
Capital: Colombo
Time difference: UTC+5.5 (10.5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Independence: 4 February 1948 (from UK)
Area: 65,610 sq km
Land: 64,740 sq km
Water: 870 sq km
Climate: tropical monsoon; northeast monsoon (December to March); southwest monsoon (June to October)
Terrain: mostly low, flat to rolling plain; mountains in south-central interior
Natural resources: limestone, graphite, mineral sands, gems, phosphates, clay, hydropower
Population: 20,926,315
Population Growth Rate: 0.982% (2007 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 24.3% (male 2,596,295/female 2,495,949)
15-64 years: 67.9% (male 6,947,310/female 7,259,271)
65 years and over: 7.8% (male 765,507/female 861,983) (2007 est.)
Median Age:
Total: 30 years
Male: 29.2 years
Female: 31 years (2007 est.)
Birth Rate: 17 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Death Rate: 6.01 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Religions: Buddhist 69.1%, Muslim 7.6%, Hindu 7.1%, Christian 6.2%, unspecified 10% (2001 census provisional data)
Languages: Sinhala (official and national language) 74%, Tamil (national language) 18%, other 8%
Note: English is commonly used in government and is spoken competently by about 10% of the population
Literacy:
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 90.7%
Male: 92.3%
Female: 89.1% (2001 census)
GDP (purchasing power parity): $95.55 billion (2006 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $27.4 billion (2006 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $4,700 (2006 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Agriculture: 17.3%
Industry: 27.3%
Services: 55.3% (2006 est.)
Labor force: 7.5 million (2006 est.)
Labor force - by occupation:
Agriculture: 34.3%
Industry: 25.3%
Services: 40.4% (30 June 2006 est.)
Unemployment rate: 7.6% (2006 est.)
Currency (code): Sri Lankan rupee (LKR)

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