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You are here: Home / Academics & Advising / Countries of the Region / Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia

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Saudi Arabia
 
 
Country name: Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Conventional short form: Saudi Arabia
Local long form: Al Mamlakah al Arabiyah as Suudiyah
Local short form: Al Arabiyah as Suudiyah
Government type: monarchy Saudi Arabia
Capital: Riyadh
Time difference: UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Independence: 23 September 1932 (unification of the kingdom)
Area: 2,149,690 sq km
Land: 2,149,690 sq km
Water: 0 sq km
Climate: harsh, dry desert with great temperature extremes
Terrain: mostly uninhabited, sandy desert
Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, gold, copper
Population: 27,601,038
Note: includes 5,576,076 non-nationals (July 2007 est.)
Population Growth Rate: 2.06% (2007 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 38.2% (male 5,369,285/female 5,162,585)
15-64 years: 59.4% (male 9,316,694/female 7,089,370)
65 years and over: 2.4% (male 348,827/female 314,277) (2007 est.)
Median Age:
Total: 21.4 years
Male: 22.9 years
Female: 19.6 years (2007 est.)
Birth Rate: 29.1 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Death Rate: 2.55 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Religions: Muslim 100%
Languages: Arabic
Literacy:
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 78.8%
Male: 84.7%
Female: 70.8% (2003 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity): $366.2 billion (2006 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $276.9 billion (2006 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $13,600 (2006 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Agriculture: 3.3%
Industry: 67%
Services: 29.8% (2006 est.)
Labor force: 7.125 million
note: more than 35% of the population in the 15-64 age group is non-national (2006 est.)
Labor force - by occupation:
Agriculture: 12%
Industry: 25%
Services: 63% (1999 est.)
Unemployment rate: 13% among Saudi males only (local bank estimate; some estimates range as high as 25%) (2004 est.)
Currency (code): Saudi riyal (SAR)

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