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Qatar

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Country name: State of Qatar Qatar
C onventional short form: Qatar
Local long form: Dawlat Qatar
Local short form: Qatar
Note: closest approximation of the native pronunciation falls between cutter and gutter, but not like guitar
Government type: emirate
Capital: Doha
Time difference: UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Independence: 3 September 1971 (from UK)
Area: 11,437 sq km
Land: 11,437 sq km
Water: 0 sq km
Climate: arid; mild, pleasant winters; very hot, humid summersQatar
Terrain: mostly flat and barren desert covered with loose sand and gravel
Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, fish
Population: 907,229 (July 2007 est.)
Population Growth Rate: 2.386% (2007 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 23.1% (male 106,853/female 102,713)
15-64 years: 72.9% (male 455,631/female 206,099)
65 years and over: 4% (male 26,689/female 9,244) (2007 est.)
Median Age:
Total: 31.9 years
Male: 37.3 years
Female: 23.1 years (2007 est.)
Birth Rate: 15.56 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Death Rate: 4.82 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Religions: Muslim 77.5%, Christian 8.5%, other 14% (2004 census)
Languages: Arabic (official), English commonly used as a second language
Literacy:
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 89%
Male: 89.1%
Female: 88.6% (2004 census)
GDP (purchasing power parity): $26.37 billion (2006 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $30.76 billion (2006 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $29,800 (2006 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Agriculture: 0.1%
Industry: 77.2%
Services: 22.6% (2006 est.)
Labor force: 508,000 (2006 est.)
Unemployment rate: 3.2% (2006 est.)
Currency (code): Qatari rial (QAR)

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