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Nepal

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Nepal
 
 
Country name: Nepal
Conventional long form: Nepal
local long and short form: Nepal
Government type: parliamentary democracy
Capital: KathmanduNepal
Time difference: UTC+5.75 (10.75 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
           
Independence: 1768 (unified by Prithvi Narayan SHAH)
Area:
Total: 147,181 sq km
land: 143,181 sq km
water: 4,000 sq km
Climate: varies from cool summers and severe winters in north to subtropical summers and mild winters in south
Terrain: Tarai or flat river plain of the Ganges in south, central hill region, rugged Himalayas in north
Natural resources: quartz, water, timber, hydropower, scenic beauty, small deposits of lignite, copper, cobalt, iron ore
Population: 28,901,790 (July 2007 est.)
Population Growth Rate: 2.132% (2007 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 38.3% (male 5,721,720/female 5,360,391)
15-64 years: 57.9% (male 8,597,037/female 8,134,115)
65 years and over: 3.8% (male 528,113/female 560,414) (2007 est.)
Median Age:
Total: 20.5 years
male: 20.3 years
female: 20.6 years (2007 est.)
Birth Rate: 30.46 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Death Rate: 9.14 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Religions: Hindu 80.6%, Buddhist 10.7%, Muslim 4.2%, Kirant 3.6%, other 0.9% (2001 census)
note: only official Hindu state in the world
Languages: Nepali 47.8%, Maithali 12.1%, Bhojpuri 7.4%, Tharu (Dagaura/Rana) 5.8%, Tamang 5.1%, Newar 3.6%, Magar 3.3%, Awadhi 2.4%, other 10%, unspecified 2.5% (2001 census)
note: many in government and business also speak English (2001 est.)
Literacy:
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 48.6%
male: 62.7%
female: 34.9% (2001 census)
GDP (purchasing power parity):  $41.18 billion (2006 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $6.948 billion (2006 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $1,500 (2006 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: 38%
industry: 20%
services: 42% (FY05/06 est.)
Labor force: 11.11 million
note: severe lack of skilled labor (2006 est.)
Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture: 76%
industry: 6%
services: 18% (2004 est.)
Unemployment rate: 42% (2004 est.)
Currency (code):  Nepalese rupee (NPR

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