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Mauritania

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MauritaniaCountry name: Mauritania


Conventional long form: Islamic Republic of Mauritania
Conventional short form: Mauritania
Local long form: Al Jumhuriyah al Islamiyah al Muritaniyah
Local short form: Muritaniyah


Mauritania
Government type: Republic
Capital: Nouakchott
Time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)


Independence: 28 November 1960 (from France)


Area:
Total: 1,030,700 sq km
Land: 1,030,400 sq km


Water: 300 sq km
Climate: Desert; constantly hot, dry, dusty
Terrain: Mostly barren, flat plains of the Sahara; some central hills
Natural resources: iron ore, gypsum, copper, phosphate, diamonds, gold, oil, fish


Population: 3,270,065 (July 2007 est.)
Population Growth Rate: 2.867% (2007 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 45.5% (male 744,995/female 741,369)
15-64 years: 52.4% (male 845,272/female 866,998)
65 years and over: 2.2% (male 28,564/female 42,867) (2007 est.)
Median Age:
Total: 17.1 years
Male: 16.8 years
Female: 17.4 years (2007 est.)


Birth Rate: 40.56 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Death Rate: 11.89 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)


Religions: Muslim 100%
Languages: Arabic (official), Pulaar, Soninke, French, Hassaniya, Wolof
Literacy:
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 51.2%
Male: 59.5%
Female: 43.4% (2000 census)


GDP (purchasing power parity):  $8.124 billion (2006 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $1.569 billion (2006 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $2,600 (2006 est.)


GDP - composition by sector:
Agriculture: 25%
Industry: 29%
Services: 46% (2001 est.)
Labor force: 786,000 (2001)
Labor force - by occupation:
Agriculture: 50%
Industry: 10%
Services: 40% (2001 est.)
Unemployment rate: 20% (2004 est.)


Currency (code):  ouguiya (MRO)

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