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You are here: Home / Academics & Advising / Countries of the Region / Maldives

Maldives

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Country name: MaldivesMaldives
Conventional long form: Republic of Maldives
Conventional short form: Maldives
Local long form: Dhivehi Raajjeyge Jumhooriyyaa
Local short form: Dhivehi Raajje
Government type: republic
Capital: Male
time difference: UTC+5 (10 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Independence: 26 July 1965 (from UK)Maldives
Area:
Total: 300 sq km
Land: 300 sq km
Water: 0 sq km
Climate: tropical; hot, humid; dry, northeast Monsoon (November to March); rainy, southwest Monsoon (June to August)
Terrain: flat, with white sandy beaches
           
Natural resources: fish
                                                          
Population: 369,031 (July 2007 est.)
Population Growth Rate: 2.732% (2007 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 42.9% (male 81,383/female 76,984)
15-64 years: 54% (male 101,699/female 97,518)
65 years and over: 3.1% (male 5,619/female 5,828) (2007 est.)           
Median Age:
Total: 18.1 years
Male: 18 years
Female: 18.2 years (2007 est.)
Birth Rate: 34.2 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Death Rate:  6.88 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Religions: Sunni Muslim
Languages: Maldivian Dhivehi (dialect of Sinhala, script derived from Arabic), English spoken by most government officials
Literacy:
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 96.3%
Male: 96.2%
Female: 96.4% (2000 census)
GDP (purchasing power parity): $1.25 billion (2002 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $906 million (2006 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $3,900 (2002 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Agriculture: 16%
Industry: 7%
Services: 77% (2006 est.)
Labor force 101,300 (2004)
Labor force - by occupation:
Agriculture: 22%
industry: 18%
services: 60% (1995)
Unemployment rate: NEGL% (2003 est.)
Currency (code): rufiyaa (MVR)

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