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Lebanon

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Lebanon
Country name: Lebanon
Conventional long form: Lebanese Republic
Conventional short form: Lebanon
Local long form: Al Jumhuriyah al Lubnaniyah
Local short form: Lubnan
Former: Greater Lebanon
Government type: republicLebanon
Capital: Beirut
time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Independence: 22 November 1943 (from League of Nations mandate under French administration)
Area:
Total: 10,400 sq km
Land: 10,230 sq km
Water: 170 sq km
Climate: Mediterranean; mild to cool, wet winters with hot, dry summers; Lebanon mountains experience heavy winter snows
Terrain: narrow coastal plain; El Beqaa (Bekaa Valley) separates Lebanon and Anti-Lebanon Mountains
Natural resources: limestone, iron ore, salt, water-surplus state in a water-deficit region, arable land
                                                          
Population: 3,925,502 (July 2007 est.)
Population Growth Rate: 1.198% (2007 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 26.2% (male 525,199/female 504,240)
15-64 years: 66.7% (male 1,255,624/female 1,361,265)
65 years and over: 7.1% (male 125,904/female 153,270) (2007 est.)   
Median Age:
Total: 28.3 years
Male: 27.2 years
Female: 29.5 years (2007 est.)
Birth Rate: 18.08 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Death Rate:  6.1 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Religions: Muslim 59.7% (Shi'a, Sunni, Druze, Isma'ilite, Alawite or Nusayri), Christian 39% (Maronite Catholic, Greek Orthodox, Melkite Catholic, Armenian Orthodox, Syrian Catholic, Armenian Catholic, Syrian Orthodox, Roman Catholic, Chaldean, Assyrian, Copt, Protestant), other 1.3%
note: 17 religious sects recognized
Languages: Arabic (official), French, English, Armenian       
Literacy:
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 87.4%
Male: 93.1%
Female: 82.2% (2003 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity): $22.02 billion (2006 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $19.89 billion (2006 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $5,700 (2006 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Agriculture: 7%
Industry: 21%
Services: 72% (2005)
Labor force 1.5 million
note: in addition, there are as many as 1 million foreign workers (2005 est.)
Labor force - by occupation:
Agriculture: NA%
Industry: NA%
Services: NA%
Unemployment rate: 20% (2006 est.)
Currency (code): Lebanese pound (LBP)

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