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Kyrgyzstan

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 Kyrgyzstan
Country name: Kyrgyzstan
Conventional long form: Kyrgyz Republic
Conventional short form: Kyrgyzstan
Local long form: Kyrgyz Respublikasy
Local short form: Kyrgyzstan
Former: Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic
Government type: republic
Capital: BishkekKyrgyzstan
time difference: UTC+6 (11 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Independence: 31 August 1991 (from Soviet Union)
Area:
Total: 198,500 sq km 
Land: 191,300 sq km   
Water: 7,200 sq km
Climate: dry continental to polar in high Tien Shan; subtropical in southwest (Fergana Valley); temperate in northern foothill zone
Terrain: peaks of Tien Shan and associated valleys and basins encompass entire nation
Natural resources: abundant hydropower; significant deposits of gold and rare earth metals; locally exploitable coal, oil, and natural gas; other deposits of nepheline, mercury, bismuth, lead, and zinc
                                                          
Population: 5,284,149 (July 2007 est.)
Population Growth Rate: 1.354% (2007 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 30.3% (male 817,663/female 785,167)
15-64 years:  63.5% (male 1,645,270/female 1,709,522)        
65 years and over: 6.2% (male 127,600/female 198,927) (2007 est.)
                                                                                          
Median Age:
Total: 23.9 years
Male: 23.1 years
Female: 24.8 years (2007 est.)
Birth Rate: 23.08 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Death Rate:  7.02 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Religions: Muslim 85% (Sunni 70%, Shi'a 30%), other (includes Christian, Hindu, Parsi) 15%
Languages: Kyrgyz 64.7% (official), Uzbek 13.6%, Russian 12.5% (official), Dungun 1%, other 8.2% (1999 census)   
Literacy:
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 93.3%
Male:  94.4%
Female: 91% (2005 census)
GDP (purchasing power parity): $ 10.73 billion (2006 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $2.255 billion (2006 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $ 2,100 (2006 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Agriculture: 34.5%
Industry: 19.5%
Services: 46.1% (2006 est.)
Labor force 2.7 million (2000)
Labor force - by occupation:
Agriculture: 55%
Industry: 15%
Services: 30% (2000 est.)
Unemployment rate: 18% (2004 est.)
Currency (code): som (KGS)

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