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Cyprus


[Back to Map] Cyprus


 
 
Country name: Cyprus
Conventional long form: Republic of Cyprus
Conventional short form: Cyprus
Local long form: Kypriaki Dimokratia/Kibris Cumhuriyeti
Local short form: Kypros/KibrisCyprus.gif
note: the Turkish Cypriot community, which administers the northern part of the island, refers to itself as the
"Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus" (TRNC)
Government type: Republic
note: A separation of the two ethnic communities inhabiting the island began following the outbreak of communal
strife in 1963; this separation was further solidified after the Turkish intervention in July 1974 that followed
a Greek junta-supported coup attempt gave the Turkish Cypriots de facto control in the north; Greek Cypriots control
the only internationally recognized government; on 15 November 1983 Turkish Cypriot "President" Rauf DENKTASH
declared independence and the formation of a "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus" (TRNC), which is recognized only by Turkey
Capital: Nicosia (Lefkosia) Daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October Independence: 16 August 1960 (from UK); note - Turkish Cypriots proclaimed self-rule on 13 February 1975 and
independence in 1983, but these proclamations are only recognized by Turkey

Area: Total: 9,250 sq km (of which
3,355 sq km are in north Cyprus)
Land: 9,240 sq km
Water: 10 sq km
Climate: Temperate; Mediterranean
with hot, dry summers and cool winters
Terrain: Central plain with mountains
to north and south; scattered but significant plains along southern coast Natural resources:
Copper, pyrites, asbestos, gypsum, timber, salt, marble, clay earth pigment
Population: 788,457 (July 2007 est.)
Population Growth Rate: 0.527% (2007 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 19.9% (male 80,273/female 76,826)
15-64 years:  68.3% (male 272,924/female 265,738)
65 years and over: 11.8% (male 40,458/female 52,238) (2007 est.)
Median Age:
Total: 35.1 years
Male: 34.1 years
Female: 36.2 years (2007 est.)
Birth Rate: 12.56 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Death Rate: 7.72 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Religions: Greek Orthodox 78%, Muslim 18%, other (includes Maronite and Armenian Apostolic) 4%
Languages: Greek, Turkish, English
Literacy:
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 97.6%
Male: 98.9%
Female: 96.3% (2003 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity): area under government control: $17.79 billion
area administered by Turkish Cypriots: $4.54 billion (2006 est.)

GDP (official exchange rate): area under government control: $16.35 billion (2006 est.)

GDP - per capita (PPP): area under government control: $22,700
area administered by Turkish Cypriots: $7,135 (2006 est.) GDP - composition by sector:
area under government control: agriculture 3.7%; industry 19.6%; services 76.8% (2005 est.)
area administered by Turkish Cypriots: agriculture 10.6%; industry 20.5%; services 68.9% (2003 est.)
Labor force: area under government control: 380,000
area administered by Turkish Cypriots: 95,025 (2006 est.)
Labor force - by occupation:
area under government control: agriculture 7.4%, industry 38.2%, services 54.4% (2004 est.)
area administered by Turkish Cypriots: agriculture 14.5%, industry 29%, services 56.5% (2004 est.)
Unemployment rate:
area under government control: 5.5% (2005 est.)
area administered by Turkish Cypriots: 5.6% (2004 est.)
Currency (code):
area under government control: Cypriot pound (CYP)
area administered by Turkish Cypriots: Turkish New lira (YTL)

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