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Azerbaijan


[Back to Map] Azerbaijan

 
Country name: Azerbaijan
Conventional long form: Republic of Azerbaijan
Conventional short form: Azerbaijan
Local long form: Azarbaycan Respublikasi
Local short form: Azarbaycan
Former: Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic

Government type:
RepublicAzerbaijan.gif
Capital:
Baku (Baki, Baky)
Time difference: UTC+4 (9 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October

Independence:
30 August 1991 (from Soviet Union)

Area:
Total: 86,600 sq km
Land: 86,100 sq km
Water: 500 sq km
Note: Includes the exclave of Naxcivan Autonomous Republic and the Nagorno-Karabakh region; the region's autonomy
was abolished by Azerbaijani Supreme Soviet on 26 November 1991
Climate:
Dry, semiarid steppe
                 
Terrain:
Large, flat Kur-Araz Ovaligi (Kura-Araks Lowland) (much of it below sea level) with Great CaucasusMountains to the
north, Qarabag Yaylasi (Karabakh Upland) in west; Baku lies on Abseron Yasaqligi (Apsheron Peninsula) that juts into
Caspian Sea
Natural resources:
Petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, nonferrous metals, alumina

Population:
7,961,619 (July 2006 est.)
Population Growth Rate:
0.66% (2006 est.)

Age structure:
0-14 years: 25.8% (male 1,046,501/female 1,011,492)
15-64 years:  66.3% (male 2,573,134/female 2,706,275)
65 years and over: 7.8% (male 246,556/female 377,661) (2006 est.)
Median Age:
Total: 27.7 years
Male: 26.3 years
Female: 29.2 years (2006 est.)

Birth Rate: 20.74 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Death Rate: 9.75 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Religions: Muslim 93.4%, Russian Orthodox 2.5%, Armenian Orthodox 2.3%, other 1.8% (1995 est.)
Note:  religious affiliation is still nominal in Azerbaijan; percentages for actual practicing adherents are much lower

Languages:
Azerbaijani (Azeri) 89%, Russian 3%, Armenian 2%, other 6% (1995 est.)
Literacy:
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 98.8%
Male: 99.5%
Female: 98.2%

GDP (purchasing power parity): $58.1 billion (2006 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $14.05 billion (2006 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $7,300 (2006 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Agriculture: 14.1%
Industry: 45.7%
Services: 40.2%
Labor force: 5.191 million (2006 est.)
Labor force - by occupation:
Agriculture: 41%
Industry: 7%
Services:52% (2001)
Unemployment rate: 1.2% official rate (2006 est.)
Currency (code):  Azerbaijani manat (AZM)

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