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You are here: Home / Academics & Advising / Countries of the Region / Armenia

Armenia

ArmeniaArmenia

 
Country name: Armenia
Conventional long form: Republic of Armenia
Conventional short form: Armenia
Local long form: Hayastani Hanrapetut'yun
Local short form: Hayastan
Former: Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic; Armenian Republic
Government type:
Republic
Capital:
Yerevan
Time difference: UTC+4 (9 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in OctoberArmenia.gif
Independence:
21 September 1991 (from Soviet Union)
Area:
Total: 29,800 sq km
Land: 28,400 sq km
Water: 1,400 sq km
Climate:
Highland continental, hot summers, cold winters
Terrain:
Armenian Highland with mountains; little forest land; fast flowing rivers; good soil in Aras River valley
Natural resources:
Small deposits of gold, copper, molybdenum, zinc, alumina
Population:
2,976,372 (July 2006 est.)
Population Growth Rate:
-0.19% (2006 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 20.5% (male 322,189/female 286,944)
15-64 years:  68.4% (male 949,975/female 1,085,484)
65 years and over: 11.1% (male 133,411/female 198,369) (2006 est.)
Median Age:
Total: 30.4 years
Male: 27.8 years
Female: 33.2 years (2006 est.)
Birth Rate:
12.07 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Death Rate:
8.23 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Religions:
Armenian Apostolic 94.7%, other Christian 4%, Yezidi (monotheist with elements of nature worship) 1.3%

Languages:
Armenian 97.7%, Yezidi 1%, Russian 0.9%, other 0.4% (2001 census)
Literacy:
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 98.6%
Male: 99.4%
Female: 98% (2003 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity): $15.99 billion (2006 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $6.6 billion (2006 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $5,400 (2006 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Agriculture: 23.9%
Industry: 32.8%
Services: 43.3%
Labor force: 1.2 million (2005)
Labor force - by occupation:
Agriculture:  45%
Industry: 25%
Services:30% (2002 est.)
Unemployment rate: 7.6% (2004 est.)
Currency (code): dram (AMD)
 

 

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