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Algeria

 [Back to Map]Algeria

 
Country name: Algeria
Conventional long form: People's Democratic Republic of Algeria
Conventional short form: Algeria
Local long form: Al Jumhuriyah al Jaza'iriyah ad Dimuqratiyah ash Sha'biyah
Local short form: Al Jaza'ir

Government type:
Republic

Capital:
Algiers
Time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time) Algeria.gif

Independence:
5 July 1962 (from France)

Area:
Total: 2,381,740 sq km
Land: 2,381,740 sq km
Water: 0 sq km

Climate:
Arid to semiarid; mild, wet winters with hot, dry summers along coast; drier with cold winters and hot summers on
high plateau; sirocco is a hot, dust/sand-laden wind especially common in summer.

Terrain:
Mostly high plateau and desert; some mountains; narrow, discontinuous coastal plain.

Natural resources:
Petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, uranium, lead, zinc

Population:
32,930,091 (July 2006 est.)

Population Growth Rate:
1.22% (2006 est.)

Age structure:
0-14 years: 28.1% (male 4,722,076/female 4,539,713)
15-64 years: 67.1% (male 11,133,802/female 10,964,502) 
65 years and over: 4.8% (male 735,444/female 834,554) (2006 est.)

Median Age:
Total: 24.9 years
Male: 24.7 years
Female: 25.1 years (2006 est.)

Birth Rate:
17.14 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Death Rate:
4.61 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Religions:
Sunni Muslim (state religion) 99%, Christian and Jewish 1%

Languages:
Arabic (official), French, Berber dialects

Literacy:
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 70%
Male: 78.8%
Female: 61% (2006 est.)

GDP (purchasing power parity): $253.4 billion (2006 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $92.22 billion (2006 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $7,700 (2006 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Agriculture: 9.4%
Industry: 58.1%
Services: 32.5%

Labor force: 9.31 million (2006 est.)
Labor force - by occupation:
Agriculture: 14%
Industry: 14%
Construction and public works 10%
Trade 13.4%
Government 32%
Other 10% (2003 est.)

Unemployment rate:
15.7% (2005 est.)

Currency (code): Algerian Dinar (DZD)
 

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