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You are here: Home / Academics & Advising / Countries of the Region / Afghanistan

Afghanistan

Afghanistan [Back to Map]

  
Government type:
Islamic republic

Capital:
Kabul
Time difference: UTC+4.5 (9.5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Independence:Afghanistan.gif
19 August 1919 (from UK control over Afghan foreign affairs)

Area:
Total: 647,500 sq km
Land: 647,500 sq km
Water: 0 sq km

Climate:
Arid to semiarid; cold winters and hot summers

Terrain:
Mostly rugged mountains; plains in north and southwest

Natural resources:
Natural gas, petroleum, coal, copper, chromite, talc, barites, sulfur, lead, zinc, iron ore, salt, precious and emiprecious stones

Population:
31,056,997 (July 2006 est.)

Population Growth Rate:
2.67% (2006 est.)

Age structure:
0-14 years: 44.6% (male 7,095,117/female 6,763,759)
15-64 years: 53% (male 8,436,716/female 8,008,463)
65 years and over: 2.4% (male 366,642/female 386,300) (2006 est.)

Median Age:
Total: 17.6 years
Male: 17.6 years
Female: 17.6 years (2006 est.)

Birth Rate:
46.6 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Death Rate:
20.34 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Religions:
Sunni Muslim 80%, Shi'a Muslim 19%, other 1%

Languages:
Afghan Persian or Dari (official) 50%, Pashtu (official) 35%, Turkic languages (primarily Uzbek and Turkmen) 11%,
30 minor languages (primarily Balochi and Pashai) 4%, much bilingualism

Literacy:
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 36%
Male: 51%
Female: 21% (1999 est.)

GDP (purchasing power parity): $21.5 billion (2004 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $7.095 billion (2005 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $800 (2004 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Agriculture: 38%
Industry: 24%
Services: 38%

Labor force: 15 million (2004 est.)
Labor force - by occupation:
Agriculture: 80%
Industry: 10%
Services: 10% (2004 est.)

Unemployment rate:
40% (2005 est.)

Population below poverty line: 53% (2003)

Currency (code): Afghani (AFA)
 

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